Sinusitis Patient Education - Bacterial Sinus Infection Symptoms - How to Get to Know of a Bacterial Sinus Infection
About 32 million people are estimated to be suffering from chronic sinusitis. Millions of dollars are being spent on medications to get relief from sinus symptoms. Generally sinusitis is caused by allergies, cold or infections of the sinus area. Even though many over the counter sinus drugs are available it is better to seek medical advice for better treatment and prevention. The usual bacterial sinus infection symptoms are swelling in the area around the nose and blockage of sinus passages and headache.
Causes of Bacterial Sinus Infection Symptoms
Polluted air, allergens, food allergy and smoke that block the nasal passages can cause sinusitis. A growth or tumor may cause the blockage which can be removed by surgery. Cocaine and such drugs taken through the nasal channels can also cause the infection. Sinus sprays can kill the bacteria and the microbes that cause the bacterial sinus infection symptoms. The sprays have the risk of becoming addictive. Lack of humidity can damage the small hairs called cilia in the nasal passage resulting in the mucus stagnating in that area and allowing bacteria to grow and start an infection.
Bacterial Sinus Infection Symptoms
If sinusitis persists for less than a month it is acute sinusitis. If it continues for more than three months, it becomes chronic sinusitis. Most of the infections are caused by viruses. A few cases of infections are caused by bacteria also. Allergies and environmental irritations cause non infectious sinusitis. The patient may respond with over the counter medications or a longer course and in some cases need physical draining which requires hospitalization. Severe headache, red eyes or painful eyes or even double vision or temporary vision loss are some of the symptoms of acute sinusitis. There may be fatigue, fever or lack of response to decongestants in some others.
- Treatment Expectorants thin the mucus and expel it from the lungs and respiratory passages.
- They also enhance the drainage of the mucus from sinuses.
- Over the counter antibiotic medications can also help in reducing the bacterial sinus infection symptoms.
- Acetaminophen can also help in reducing pain and fever.
- Antibodies can continue till 21 days in certain cases.
- If the patient does not respond to this then surgical procedure needs to be done.